The answer, at least for companies, can be achieved through perceptual mapping. It presents an objective look at the competitive landscape, either through verified customer input or through marketing data.
As marketers, perceptual mapping can help us make more informed decisions about a company’s market position in relation to competitors and strengthen marketing strategies as a result.
Perceptual mapping is a visual representation of where a brand, product, or service stands among competitors. It is also known as positional mapping.
This type of competitive analysis framework generally consists of two key attributes as a basis (e.g., price and quality, as seen in the example below). Once you’ve chosen the attributes you want to focus on, the next step is to plot the brands, products, or services to see how they’re positioned among these attributes.
Perceptual mapping utilizes customer input to understand your brand, product, or service from the customer’s perspective. However, you can also use specific marketing data to look at the competitive landscape from a digital customer-engagement perspective. This gives an objective look at how customers engage with you and your competitors online.
Perceptual mapping can be used with both qualitative data and quantitative data. While the process of creating the perceptual map remains the same for both, they serve different purposes. These perceptual mapping techniques show us how to gain insight into customer perceptions and digital customer engagement:
A perceptual map focused on qualitative data can help us identify subjective feelings and opinions customers have toward a brand, product, or service. The attributes you choose to map can only be determined through a direct line of communication with customers. This can take the form of interviews, surveys, polls, reviews, etc.
The first step in this perceptual mapping technique is to figure out two attributes you want your perceptual map to focus on. The easiest way to find these attributes is to put yourself in the customer’s shoes, so to speak: what are two important factors specific to your company that customers use to determine if they want to make a purchase?
You can find out what attributes you want to focus on in a variety of different ways, but it generally comes down to two main methods: a company’s collective knowledge, and experience of the market or a verified market research study.
Using WordPress as an example, let’s say the two attributes we’ve chosen to map are features and user-friendliness, two things that customers looking for a website builder would want. Next, we’ll identify competitors. Let’s use Squarespace, Weebly, and Wix — popular brands that also occupy the website builder space. Our goal is to identify how customers perceive the features and user-friendliness of WordPress in comparison to Squarespace, Weebly, and Wix.
Pro tip: Try Alexa’s competitive analysis tools to find your online competitors.
For this example, let’s pretend we’ve compiled data from a perceptual mapping questionnaire that shows us how customers feel about the features and user-friendliness of these website builders on a scale of 1 to 10. Using this data, we can plot all of the brands on a map to see how they’re positioned next to each other in the context of these attributes.
This gives us a visual representation of how customers view WordPress among its competitors in terms of features and user-friendliness. Do people see WordPress as having better features but Wix as more user-friendly, for example? Having insight into this, WordPress can make decisions on whether they want to address the user-friendliness factor or continue to focus on offering a wide range of features to its customers.
A perceptual map focused on quantitative data can help us identify objective measurable statistics about a brand, product, or service. The attributes you choose to map for this approach need to be based on empirical evidence. That can mean things like a company’s location, the number of stores, the number of employees, etc.
This perceptual mapping technique uses marketing data to determine digital customer engagement. Using WordPress.com as an example, we’ll start by deciding which two attributes we want to use for our perceptual map. For the purposes of this example, we’ll use total engagement on social media and time on site as the two attributes. We’ll also use Squarespace.com, Weebly.com, and Wix.com as competitors.
Total Engagement on Social Media Data
Log into Alexa’s Content Exploration tool and input each site to find its total engagement on social media. This example shows WordPress.com’s total engagement on social media over the last year at 7,700. Repeat this process for each site.
You can also see the monthly engagement trend for each site individually, to see if there were any spikes worth investigating.
Log into Alexa’s Site Comparisons tool and you can put up to 10 sites you want to compare to see their time on site. You can sort these times to see which sites have the most time on site and which have the least.
Now that we’ve pulled the necessary data about total engagement on social media and time on site, we can simply create a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet to input these findings and create a perceptual map.
We’ve kept it simple for the purposes of our example, but you can customize your perceptual map to your liking with company logos, colors, and more:
Now that we have a concrete visual representation, we can see how WordPress.com is doing among these two attributes next to their competition.
We can see that Wix.com has the highest total engagement on social media and highest time on site among its competitors. We can also see that Weebly.com has the lowest total engagement on social media and lowest time on site.
The next step is to analyze these findings to determine why. Is Weebly.com’s time on site so low because people are leaving the site quickly or because people know exactly what they want to do while on it? Is Wix.com’s time on site so high because people are taking longer to search through it? We need to analyze all the data to determine the why behind WordPress.com’s positioning next to their competition.
Marketing teams with small budgets can still create great perceptual mapping PDFs and other marketing diagrams. These tools are a great starting point:
The ultimate goal of effective perceptual mapping is to strengthen your marketing strategy. Alexa gives you all the marketing tools you need to stay ahead of the competition.